I maybe have an issue with understanding Shabbat and would like to see what other believers think of the subject, and what we need to do to honor it. The following discussion is basically my understanding of Sabbath in relation to the world after the Messiah sacrificed on the cross.
Matthew 12:1-9 is a very interesting piece of scripture to consider when thinking about what is lawful to do on the Sabbath. Verses 12:1 and 12:9 give us the idea that Yahushua and His followers were traveling from one place to the synagogue....
Some argue that Matthew 24:20 suggests we should not travel on the Sabbath. If that was so why would Yahushua travel on the Sabbath? Perhaps the prophecy in Matthew 24:20 has something to do with fleeing being harder in winter or Sabbath. Maybe in the future there will be extra patrol on the Sabbath, to make sure no one is honoring it, or YHWH, and that is why in end times distress it would be harder to escape persecution on Sabbath and in winter. But I don't believe the verse is commanding literally not to travel on the Sabbath. I don't think Yahushua and His followers would travel on the Sabbath if it was unlawful.
Apparently according to the law, at least in the eyes of the Pharisees picking grain is work. They vocalize this view of it being work in Matthew 12:2 by accusing Yah's disciples of doing what is not lawful. Yahushua does not seem to find anything wrong with what His disciples are doing but instead reminds the Pharisees of scripture involving David and his companions. Yahushua also goes on to say in Matthew 12:5 that priests break the Sabbath and are innocent. Yahushua verifies that His followers who were working were not transgressing the law in Matthew 12:7 where he says to the Pharisees who are accusing His disciples "you would not have condemned the innocent".
Mark 2:27 is an interesting verse that should be considered in this discussion. Is it that Yah gave man a day to rest because it is good for a man to get rest.
If carrying and lifting is work, Yahushua commanded a man to work on the Sabbath in John 5:9. John 9:16 is also very interesting. It might imply that Yahushua didn't view the Sabbath in the same way as the Pharisees.
Here is where it gets tricky for me. I do believe we should follow the 10 commandments, but not all 613 laws of Moses. I believe after the sacrifice on the cross some things changed. I can debate that in another e-mail, debate whether or not scripture supports this view point, but for now I'd like to stay on the Sabbath subject. The Sabbath commandment is one of the 10. Exodus 20:8-11 describes our duty towards the Sabbath. The very first thing the scripture says is in Exodus 20:8 is "remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy". It is possible to remember and honor the Sabbath and still be at work. There are many ways to do that. The verses in exodus go on to say not to do any work though. That is a problem when comparing it to people like David, or the Maccabees brothers who fought and worked on the Sabbath, and the accounts of people working in the New Testament.
It seems to be the Sabbath should be remembered and kept "sacred" according to the 10 commandments. But it seems to me that Yahushua's actions in the scripture suggest He wouldn't mind if someone worked for something good, such as helping family with money. I got some other arguments but I don't want to drag this out too long. This is just some of the thoughts I have, and a partial explanation of why I don't feel I am disrespecting Yah by going to work on Shabbat.